September 1, 1878: Emma N. Nutt and her sister Stella become the world's first two women telephone operators. In a very short time women would completely dominate the field: by the end of the 1880's, almost all telephone operators were women. Females were preferred for the job because they were considered to have better communications skills than their male counterparts. Image courtesy <www.newenglandhistoricalsociety.com/emma-nutt-worlds-1st-woman-telephone-operator/>
September 1, 1897: Boston runs a test on its subway, the first in America. <http://historyofmassachusetts.org/boston-first-subway-america/>
September 2, 1880: The official first night-time game of baseball is played, illuminated by electric arc lights. <http://www.19cbaseball.com/field-10.html>
September 8, 1883: Northern Pacific Railroad completed and a spike-driving ceremony is held near Gold Creek, Montana. Source: Haines, Aubrey, L. Mountain Fever: Historic Conquests of Rainier. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1999 ed., p. 69.
September 8, 1892: The pledge of allegiance is first published in The Youth's Companion. Francis Bellamy, who wrote the lines, hoped that the pledge would be used by citizens in any country <http://www.ushistory.org/documents/pledge.htm>
September 11 & 12, 1879: "A Wheel Around the Hub" club run. An account of America's first group cycling ride ever opened the very first issue of the Victorian Cycling Magazine, "The Wheelman". A digital copy of this publication is available here: <http://tinyurl.com/jj4uqmb>
"Wheel Around the Hub" merchandise:
More Victorian cycling merchandise: <https://www.zazzle.com/collections/victorian_cycling_collection-119545230449177268>
September 13, 1857: Milton Hershey born.
Milton and his wife Katherine, who couldn't have children of their own, established a school for orphans that has continued to help underprivileged children ever since. To this day, the Milton Hershey School remains the controlling stockholder and main beneficiary of the Hershey Chocolate company. Read about the school's history: http://www.mhskids.org/about/school-history/
Before he made his fortune in chocolate, Milton got his start manufacturing caramels. The Hershey company recently reinstated his original caramels as a regular product: Lancaster caramels (named for the city where Milton started his business.) If anyone out there hasn't tried Lancaster caramels yet, I highly recommend them! They're delicious—and remember, more than half the profits go to help underprivileged kids!
The Lancaster Caramel website: http://www.lancastercandy.com/home
More info: https://hersheystory.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/Milton-Hershey-The-Man-Behind-The-Chocolate.pdf
Hershey Community archives: http://blog.hersheyarchives.org
September 17, 1838: The 112-mile London-Birmingham railway opens. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/timeline/victorianbritain_timeline_noflash.shtml>
September 20, 1853: Elisha Otis sold his first elevator Source: Farmer's Almanac, 2016, p. 145.
September 26, 1848: Happy birthday, Helen Allingham, British watercolor painter! <http://www.helenallingham.com/Helen_Biography.htm>
September 26, 1865: Vassar College opens its doors to its first class of students. <http://info.vassar.edu/about/vassar/history.html>
September 29, 1888: Mohandas Gandhi arrives in Britain for the first time. <http://www.open.ac.uk/researchprojects/makingbritain/content/mohandas-karamchand-gandhi>
September 30, 1847: A meeting is held at Northwood Villa, Ramsgate, in Britain which will lead to the formation of the first vegetarian society in the modern western world. Source: <https://ivu.org/history/thesis/early19-intro.html> More info on the Vegetarian Society: <https://ivu.org/history/societies/vs.html>
Special Days in September:
September 9—11th, 2018: Rosh Hashana
Rosh Hashana pictures: http://brasspaperclip.typepad.com/brass_paperclip/2011/09/vintage-rosh-hashanah-e-cards-opensource.html
September 17, 2018: Citizenship Day / Constitution Day
Get this on a card
Our banner bright it flies aloft; its bunting is unfurled
We give to all a welcome—each nation in the world.
Its stood for more than a century o'er mountain, plain, and sea.
Come welcome, all come when we call to the dear land of the free.
Come to our banner, thus welcome you shall be;
Come from every nation, over land and sea.
We will grasp you by the hand; forgotten be the past.
We'll welcome you as brothers true, in friendship sure to last.
Let England send her hardy sons; to them we'll give the hand.
We can't forget that Washington sprung from the mother land.
Brave France, her sons we'll welcome, she gave us Lafayette;
And Ireland, sweet, her sons we'll greet; Patrick Henry we'll ne'er forget
Come to our, etc.
Let Russia send her furclad sons from each ice-covered plain;
Remember that Columbus he came from sunny Spain;
Each bold Swiss leave his mountain, each rocky vale and fell;
We'll welcome great, as brothers meet the sons of William Tell.
Come to our, etc.
From Greenland's icy mountains bleak, Germany's sunny Rhine,
The tropic lands of bright Brazil, where fierce the sun doth shine;
From the dear land of Kossuth, and Denmark, in the north--
China, India, and Japan—let their manly sons come forth.
Come to our, etc.
—Source: "Home Songster: A Collection of the Most Patriotic and Popular Songs and Marching Choruses." Milwaukee: George Brumder, 1883, p. 54.
September 18-19, 2018: Yom Kippur
September 22, 2018: Autumnal Equinox
September 22: Dear Diary Day <https://www.daysoftheyear.com/days/dear-diary-day/>
Treat yourself to a beautiful new diary:
Notebooks & journals featuring images from our private archive
Read a historical diary:
If Ever Two Were One: A Private Diary of a Love Eternal
Francis Ellingwood Abbot
No Place for a Nervous Lady: Voices from the Australian Bush
Kilvert's Diary: 1870-1879: Life in the English Countryside in Mid-Victorian Times
Published by David R. Godine
Maud: The Illustrated Diary of a Victorian Woman (Maud Berkeley)
Published by Chronicle Books
This is the actual diary of a real woman, Maud Berkley, from 1888—1901. (The early years are more detailed than the later ones.) Maud loved to draw and paint, so her diary is filled with her own portraits of her daily routines and adventures with her friends: everything from housecleaning, to playing the guitar for her cat (who didn't appreciate it), to working in an apothecary shop, to dropping a doormat on someone's head at a party, to getting scared by a moth late at night and chasing it out of her room with an umbrella. Maud's diary is a wonderfully sweet window into the time, and is one of our favorite books. It's a must-read for anyone who loves the late Victorian era, and really should be required reading for any author who wants to write about the time! —S.C.
In the Days of Bicycles and Bustles
A Boy at Fort Mackinac: The Diary of Harold Dunbar Corbusier, 1883-4, 1892.
Edited by Phil Porter
Happy As A Big Sunflower: Adventures in the West 1876-1880
A Child of Toil: The Life of Charles Snow, 1831-1889
Syracuse University Press
The Secret Diaries of Miss Anne Lister
Edited by Helena Whitbread
September 22, 2018: Happy Autumnal Equinox!
"The Autumn Woods" (1888) http://www.thisvictorianlife.com/the-autumn-woods.html
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