"Plenty of structures built in 1888–89 had indoor plumbing from the start. Nearly forty years earlier, in 1853, Boston already had more than 27,000 plumbing fixtures, including 2,500 water closets. Historian Maureen Ogle states that “during the mid-nineteenth century, plumbing technology spread from occasional use in the homes of the very rich to the homes of those of middling circumstances living in both city and country.” The 1880s were actually a sort of golden age for sanitary plumbing. Indoor plumbing and flush toilets had been extremely popular in the mid-nineteenth century, then experienced a temporary downturn in trendiness in the 1870s due to worries about sewer gases. After U-shaped traps were worked out to keep such gases where they belonged, indoor plumbing came back in the ’80s with an absolute vengeance, and various US cities put regulations in place to enforce safety and hygiene of household plumbing... Our house’s first plumbing was installed sometime between eighteen and twenty-two years after the house was built. The downstairs bathroom was created by walling off an old porch just off the kitchen, and the construction style of the slight amount of work that accomplished this is consistent with the first decade of the twentieth century; it’s plainer than the Eastlake style of the rest of the house. We can guess rough dates from the style of the window (a different shape from the others in the house) and the unornamented cast iron, claw-footed bathtub that were installed at the same time. Records of city laws pinpoint even more exact years. Port Townsend’s first sanitary sewer lines were established in 1906, and by 1910 City Ordinance #753 had banned privy outhouses and mandated that anyone who could access public sewer lines was required by law to connect to them.47 Four years might seem like a short time for such a sweeping change in every household within a community, but it’s not really such a short time for a change people are eager to support." --This Victorian Life, Skyhorse Publishing, 2015, pp. 63-64
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Tales of Chetzemoka